There are skills that every child needs to learn in order to become a successful reader. All children have the opportunity to learn these skills through interactions with their parents. A child’s parents are his or her first and most important teachers.
The five practices of early literacy are Talking, Singing, Reading, Writing, and Playing.
Talking – One of the most important things you can do to help develop your child’s literacy is to talk to them. Talking to children helps them learn oral language. They also develop listening and social skills.
Singing – Singing also helps to develop language skills. When children sing, they break down words to hear the different sounds. Children also learn to use their voices expressively.
Reading – Reading together is important for a variety of reasons. Reading together not only strengthens the bond between parent and child but it also nurtures a love of reading in children. Children also begin to develop vocabulary and comprehension of the material on the page.
Writing – By tracing letters in sand or on the page, children develop an awareness that printed letters combine to make words which are spoken. Children see print used every day.
Playing – Play is an excellent way for children to acquire language skills. Children have wonderful imaginations. Through play, they express through words what they are doing, conversations they are having, and how they are feeling.
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